Infanticide Statistics

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Infanticide in China

 

Chinese girls are twice as likely to die in their first year of life as boys.[i]

 

The death rate of girls in their first year of life is up to three times higher in rural areas than in urban areas.[ii]

 

The risk of death is three times higher for second girls than first girls.[iii]

 

Second girls are more than twice as likely to die in their first week after birth as boys.[iv]

 

95% of abandoned children in rural areas live outside of state-controlled orphanages.[v]

 

Fewer than half of China’s orphans receive government subsidies.[vi]

 

Parents who remarry have been known to abandon their child so they can have a new child with their new spouse.[vii]

 

In 1995, the Chinese government reported that there were 40,000 orphanages.[viii]

 

In 2009, Americans adopted more orphans from China than in any other country, totaling 3001 adoptions.[ix]

 

In 2011, the most recent year for which data is available, Americans adopted 2587 children from China.[x]

 

A total of 24,635 Chinese mainland children were adopted in 2012. Eighty-seven percent were adopted by parents from the mainland, while the remaining 3,311 children were adopted by overseas parents.[xi]

 

Around 74 percent of Chinese mainland children adopted by overseas parents in 2012 were disabled or older children.[xii]

 

 

 

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[vii]  Li, Xinran. “Mother Gets Death After Ordering her Son’s Murder.” Shanghaidaily.com. January 16, 2009)

[x] Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State, “Intercountry Adoption: China,” June 2011 http://adoption.state.gov/country_information/country_specific_info.php?country-select=china

[xi] Figures from the Ministry of Civil Affairs, as cited in “3000-plus Chinese mainland children adopted overseas: official,” February 20, 2013, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-02/20/c_132180895.htm

[xii] Figures from the Ministry of Civil Affairs, as cited in “3000-plus Chinese mainland children adopted overseas: official,” February 20, 2013, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-02/20/c_132180895.htm

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